Legislative framework

Most of the PDO or PGI products of Greece usually come from mountain areas. Greece has registered more than 100 names as PDO and PGI (January 2014), which include the following products: chesses, wines, olive oils, olives, fruits, vegetables, nuts, legumes, bakery and pastry products, fish, resins, essential oils and products of animal origin. 

With the registration of these labels, Greece now ranks 5th in the EU (from 7th last year, 2013), after Italy (261), France (208), Spain (173) and Portugal (123). 

The legislative framework on PDO/PGI products has two components, the Community and the national legislation. As regards the Community legislation, (EU) No 1151/2012 is the current Regulation (replaced the Regulation (EC) 510/2006), the detailed rules for the application of which are described in the Regulation 1898/2006, while the use of the Community symbol is also dictated by the Regulation 628/2008. 

At national level, compliance with the requirements for the registration of PDO/ PGI products is determined by the Joint Ministerial Decision 261611/22.03.2007 and its amendments, 290398/21.04.2008 and 318764/21.08.2008, by the Ministerial Decision or the Implementing Regulation for the registration of each PDO/PGI product, as well as by the Regulation on the Control and Certification of PDO/PGI products of former AGROCERT.

The PDO/PGI certification for agricultural products and foodstuffs has multiple benefits. From the one hand, it enables the producers (especially those of disadvantaged and remote areas) to promote more easily products with special characteristics and improve their income by achieving better market prices, and from the other hand, it allows the consumers to buy quality products with guarantees for their production, processing and geographical origin. 

Moreover, the specificity of PDO/PGI products contributes to the preservation of local plant varieties and breeds of each geographical area. In most cases, the recognition of a traditional agricultural product as PDO or PGI has as a result, except from the increase in its price and production, the attraction of visitors in the area, the creation of jobs, the maintenance of the local population and higher incomes. PDO/PGI products provide additional income and contribute to economic development. 



LEGISLATION

Derogations
The EU legislation concerning the production in the demarcated geographical area makes reference to article 6, paragraph 4 of the Commission regulation (EC) No 607/2009, “laying down certain detailed rules for the implementation of Council Regulation (EC) No 479/2008 as regards protected designations of origin and geographical indications, traditional terms, labeling and presentation of certain wine sector products”.

The national legislation concerning the production in the demarcated geographical area makes reference to the Joint Ministerial Decision No. 392169/20-10-1999 “General rules for the use of the term “Local Wine” as a descriptive element of table wine” (Official Gazette Issue 1985/Β/8-11-99), amended by the Joint Ministerial Decision No. 321813/29-8-2007, in article 4 (c), is stated that: 

“the table wines entitled to use the term “Local Wine”, with geographical indication of a province, prefecture or a wine-growing region smaller of a prefecture, are produced in wineries which are located within the prefecture or in neighboring prefectures”.

Additional Provisions concerning packaging
In the Ministerial Decision No. 280557/9-6-2005, “Determination of the maturation, aging and release time in the consumption of wines of Appellation of Origin of Superior Quality and Local Wines, as well as of the terms used in labeling regarding their mode of production and preparation techniques” (Official Gazette Issue 818Β/ 15-6-2005), the articles 3 and 4 refer to the conditions for the use of the following indications:

  • “NEW WINE” or “YOUNG WINE”
  • “MATURATION IN BARREL” or “MATURED IN BARREL”
  • “AGED IN BARREL” or “AGING IN BARREL”
  •  “VINIFIED AND MATURED IN BARREL” or “VINIFICATION AND MATURATION I BARREL”
  • "VINIFICATION IN BARREL” or “VINIFIED IN BARREL”

Indication of the vintage year on the label
In the case of use of the term “NEW WINE” or “YOUNG WINE” on the label of the  wines , it is obligatory to indicate the vintage year, as laid down in the article 2, paragraph 1 of the Ministerial Decision No. 280557/9-6-2005, “Determination of the maturation, aging and release time in the consumption of wines of Appellation of Origin of Superior Quality and Local Wines, as well as of the terms used in labeling regarding the their mode of production and preparation techniques” (Official Gazette Issue 818Β/15-6-2005). 

Traditional Indications
Traditional Indications according to the Ministerial Decision No. 235309/7-2-2002 “Approval of traditional indications of wines”, which are associated with the designation of origin or the geographical indication. According to the above Ministerial Decision, the traditional indications used for the labeling of wines with Protected Geographical Indication – PGI Rethymno are the following:

  1. White wine from white grapes / Blanc de blancs,
  2. White wine from red grapes / Blanc de noir,
  3. White from pink or gray skinned grapes / Blanc de gris, Kokkineli / kokineli,
  4. Wine from hills / Vin de collines,
  5. Wine from slopes / Vin de coteaux
  6. Wine from island vineyards / Vin de vignoble (s) insulaire (s)
  7. Wine from terraced vineyards / Vin de vignobles en terrasses.
  8. Wine from island vineyards / Vin de vignoble (s) insulaire (s)
  9. Wine from terraced vineyards / Vin de vignobles en terrasses.

Some additional provisions concerning the labeling of wines are included in article 66, paragraphs 1,2 and in article 6 of the Commission regulation (EC) No 607/2009, “laying down certain detailed rules for the implementation of Council Regulation (EC) No 479/2008 as regards protected designations of origin and geographical indications, traditional terms, labeling and presentation of certain wine sector products”.