Most of the PDO or PGI products of Greece usually come from mountain areas. Greece has registered more than 100 names as PDO and PGI (January 2014), which include the following products: chesses, wines, olive oils, olives, fruits, vegetables, nuts, legumes, bakery and pastry products, fish, resins, essential oils and products of animal origin.
With the registration of these labels, Greece now ranks 5th in the EU (from 7th last year, 2013), after Italy (261), France (208), Spain (173) and Portugal (123).
The legislative framework on PDO/PGI products has two components, the Community and the national legislation. As regards the Community legislation, (EU) No 1151/2012 is the current Regulation (replaced the Regulation (EC) 510/2006), the detailed rules for the application of which are described in the Regulation 1898/2006, while the use of the Community symbol is also dictated by the Regulation 628/2008.
At national level, compliance with the requirements for the registration of PDO/ PGI products is determined by the Joint Ministerial Decision 261611/22.03.2007 and its amendments, 290398/21.04.2008 and 318764/21.08.2008, by the Ministerial Decision or the Implementing Regulation for the registration of each PDO/PGI product, as well as by the Regulation on the Control and Certification of PDO/PGI products of former AGROCERT.
The PDO/PGI certification for agricultural products and foodstuffs has multiple benefits. From the one hand, it enables the producers (especially those of disadvantaged and remote areas) to promote more easily products with special characteristics and improve their income by achieving better market prices, and from the other hand, it allows the consumers to buy quality products with guarantees for their production, processing and geographical origin.
Moreover, the specificity of PDO/PGI products contributes to the preservation of local plant varieties and breeds of each geographical area. In most cases, the recognition of a traditional agricultural product as PDO or PGI has as a result, except from the increase in its price and production, the attraction of visitors in the area, the creation of jobs, the maintenance of the local population and higher incomes. PDO/PGI products provide additional income and contribute to economic development.